Stanley Johnston Papers
UA.17.132

Summary Information

Repository
Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections
Creator
Johnston, Stanley, 1898-1969
Creator
Michigan State University. South Haven Experiment Station.
Creator -
Moulton, James, (James Edward), 1913-
Title
Stanley Johnston papers
ID
UA.17.132
Date [inclusive]
1921-1980
Extent
4.0 Cubic feet
Language
English

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: "Item title, Collection title, Collection Identifier, Michigan State University Archives & Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan."

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Biographical Note

Stanley Johnston (1898-1969) was born in Roscommon, Michigan. He graduated from Michigan Agricultural College (now Michigan State University) in 1920 with a B.S. in Horticulture, receiving his M.S. in 1930 from that same institution. From 1920 to 1968 Johnston served as the superintendent of the South Haven Experiment Station and was appointed research professor in 1945. While at South Haven, Johnston's research focused on the development of new varieties and improvements in fruit culture, especially peaches, blueberries, apricots, raspberries, and strawberries. His major contributions included the Haven peach, the Goldcot apricot, and new strains of blueberries. Most significantly, Johnston's fruit research resulted in improved varieties which were better able to withstand Michigan weather. This, in turn, led to expansion and diversification of the Michigan fruit market.

Johnston wrote numerous published articles on his horticulture research. He was also a member of many organizations including the American Society for Horticulture Science, the International Society for Horticulture Science, the American Horticulture Society, and the American Pomological Society (of which he served as president (1946-1948).

Johnston received many awards for his work in pomological development, including the Wilder Award for outstanding service to horticulture in 1951; the Man of the Year Award granted by Michigan Frozen Food Packers Association, 1957; the Distinguished Service Award awarded by M.S.U. Alumni Association, 1958; and many more.

While in South Haven, Michigan, Johnston also took an active role in community affairs. He was a member of the Board of Education there for more than 25 years, serving as its president in 1953. He was also a member of the Hospital Board for more than 15 years, belonged to the Kiwanis Club (President and District Governor in 1937), served as Commander of American Legion Post, and was a member of the Masonic Lodge of South Haven.

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Scope and Content

The Johnston papers document the experiments, developments, and accomplishments of South Haven Experiment Station under the direction of Stanley Johnston. The collection includes correspondence, records of experiments, reports, photographs, slides, postcards, research papers (published and unpublished), and maps. These papers document the development of the Haven peach and the world-wide importance of that development; and the importance of his research with other fruits, especially apricots and blue- berries.

As for his contribution to Michigan Agriculture, Johnston's work considerably increased the scope of the Michigan fruit market. Before the development of the Haven variety, the Elberta was essentially the only marketable peach in the state. Because the Haven matured earlier in the peach season than the Elberta, it increased the length of the Michigan peach season. This, in turn, improved the profits of the Michigan peach market substantially.

Johnston's research also produced the Goldcot apricot, the first apricot variety hardy enough to withstand Michigan weather. Thus, Johnston's work with apricots made it economically feasible for Michigan fruit growers to produce apricots, an important development since apricots are the most widely used fruit in the processing of baby foods, a significant industry in Michigan.

Johnston's work with blueberries has made it possible for the increased utilization of Michigan land for the production of blueberries. Johnston and a colleague, James Moulton, crossed the highbush blueberry (which could only be grown in Southern Michigan) with the lowbush blueberry (which was native to Northern Michigan), to develop hybrids that could be grown all across the state.

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Series Listing

(1) PERSONAL PAPERS

(2) SOUTH HAVEN EXPERIMENT STATION

(3) PEACH RESEARCH

(4) APRICOT RESEARCH

(5) BLUEBERRY RESEARCH

(6) FRUIT RESEARCH: MISCELLANEOUS

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections June 1988

Conrad Hall
888 Wilson Road, Room 101
East Lansing , MI, 48824
517-355-2330
archives@msu.edu

Revision Description

 Photo addition 2005

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Legal Status note

Copyright: Michigan State University. Property Rights: Michigan State University.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish material from this collection must be obtained from University Archives & Historical Collections, Michigan State University.

Custodial History

Gift of John Kelly and James Hancock.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Michigan Blueberry Growers Association.
  • Michigan State University. Class of 1920.
  • Michigan State University. South Haven Experiment Station.

Genre(s)

  • Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
  • Fieldnotes
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Manuscripts
  • Photographs
  • Publications
  • Reports

Geographic Name(s)

  • Roscommon (Mich.)
  • South Haven (Mich.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Hancock, James F.
  • Johnston, Stanley, 1898-1969
  • Kelly, John

Subject(s)

  • Blueberries
  • Fruit -- Michigan
  • Fruit-culture -- Research
  • Peach

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Collection Inventory

(1) PERSONAL PAPERS 

Box Folder

Personal history 

1039 1

List of published papers Circa 1962 

1039 2

Manuscripts 

Box Folder

 1937-1969 

1039 3

 Undated 

1039 4

 Undated 

1039 5
Box Folder

Published papers 

1039 6

Personal notebook 1968-1969 

1039 7

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(2) SOUTH HAVEN EXPERIMENT STATION 

Box Folder

History 

1039 8

Correspondence 

Box Folder

 1946-1956 

1039 9

 1957-1960 

1039 10

 1962-1963 

1039 11

 1964-1965 

1039 12

 1966-1971 

1039 13
Box Folder

City of South Haven. Paving Project 1967 

1039 14

Royalty Plan. Correspondence 1964-1965 

1039 15

Budget, financial reports 1935-1962 

1039 16

Research Project. Reports 

Box Folder

 1932-1947 

1039 17

 1948-1950 

1039 18

 1951-1955 

1039 19

 1956-1958 

1039 20

 1959-1961 

1039 21
Box Folder

Experiment Station Project Reports 1962-1964 

1039 22

Experiment Station Project Reports 1965-1967 

1039 23

Inspection Reports, regulations 1964-1966 

1039 24

Published reports, newspaper clippings 1946-1955 

1039 25

Orchard Books 

Box Folder

 1927-1940 

1039 26

 1941-1945 

1039 27

 1946-1949 

1039 28

 1950-1952 

1039 29

 1953-1954 

1039 30

 1955-1956 

1039 31

 1957-1958 

1039 32

 1959-1960 

1039 33

 1961-1962 

1039 34

 1963-1964 

1039 35

 1965-1967 

1039 36

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(3) PEACH RESEARCH 

Box Folder

Peach breeding notebook No. 2 (1-100) 

1039 37

Peach breeding notebook No. 2 (101-200) 

1039 38

Peach breeding notebook No. 3 (201-250) 

1039 39

Peach breeding notebook No. 3 (251-325) 

1039 40

Field Notes. Peach varieties, A-F 

1039 41

Field Notes. Peach varieties, G-L 

1039 42

Field Notes. Peach varieties, M-N 

1039 43

Field Notes. Peach varieties, P-W 

1039 44

Orchard Management Practices. Paper Circa 1960 

1039 45

Discarded varieties. SH 326 - SH 384 

1040 1

Discarded varieties. SH 385 - SH 449 

1040 2

Discarded varieties. SH 450 - SH 505 

1040 3

Discarded varieties. 36201-001 to 56201-001 

1040 4

Varieties removed 1922 

1040 5

New varieties. Correspondence 1945-1964 

1040 6

Clingstone Varieties 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1929-1950 

1040 7

Release of buds 1960-1961 

1040 8

Trials: Gerber Company, Michigan Fruit Canners 1959-1970 

1040 9

Name selection. Notes, Correspondence 1961 

1040 10

Demonstration plots. Proposal Circa 1962 

1040 11

SH #20. Correspondence 1941-1960 

1040 12

SHC #387. Correspondence 1964 

1040 13

Suncling. Correspondence 1961-1968 

1040 14

Haven Varieties 

Box Folder

Correspondence, notes, statistics 1953-1966 

1040 15

International correspondence 1966 

1040 16

Name selection. Notes 

1040 17

Use of #Haven# name. Correspondence 1955-1966 

1040 18

Color Preference Survey 1959 

1040 19

Haven Peach Historical Marker. Correspondence 1966-1980 

1040 20

Newspaper clippings 1964 

1040 21

Cresthaven, Glohaven. Notice of Release 1963 

1040 22

Cresthaven. Glohaven. Notice of release. Correspondence 1962-1968 

1040 23

Fairhaven. Correspondence 1946-1947 

1040 24

Halehaven. Correspondence, notes, clips 1930-1938 

1040 25

Kalhaven. Correspondence, notes 1936-1965 

1040 26

Redhaven. Correspondence, notes, history 1930-1955 

1040 27

Haven Varieties. Richhaven. Correspondence 1960-1965 

1040 28

Richhaven. and Sunhaven. Correspondence, publications 1955-1957 

1040 29

Richhaven and Sunhaven. Correspondence, publications. Distribution of buds 1954-1955 

1040 30

Distribution of buds. Requests 1956 

1040 31

Sunhaven. Correspondence 1958 

1040 32

Sunhaven. Correspondence 1959 

1040 33

Sunhaven. Correspondence 1960-1961 

1040 34

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(4) APRICOT RESEARCH 

Correspondence 

Box Folder

 1941-1942 

1040 35

 1943 

1040 36

 1944 

1040 37

 1945 

1040 38

 1946 

1040 39

 1947 

1040 40

 1948 

1040 41

 1949 

1040 42
Box Folder

Evaluation Notes 1946-1969 

1040 43

Evaluation Charts 1944-1974 

1040 44

Agreements, Maps 1956-1962 

1041 1

Contest - Best Homegrown Apricots in Michigan 1942 

1041 2

Papers 

1041 3

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(5) BLUEBERRY RESEARCH 

Box Folder

South Haven Experiment Station. Progress Reports, Summaries 

1041 4

Correspondence, reports 1934-1968 

1041 5

Budding records 1941-1945 

1041 6

Canning and freezing. Correspondence 1937-1963 

1041 7

Chemical Weed Control 

1041 8

Chromosome Studies. Correspondence 1953-1954 

1041 9

Conferences 1960 

1041 10

Essentials of Blueberry Culture by Stanley Johnston 

1041 11

Crop factors 

1041 12

Hazards 

1041 13

Insects and Diseases 1924-1965 

1041 14

Insects and Diseases 1953-1967 

1041 15

Weather statistics, reports, correspondence 1958-1959 

1041 16

Name selections 

1041 17

Blueberry Culture 

Box Folder

Canada 

1041 18

Maine 1936-1956 

1041 19

Michigan 1931-1963 

1041 20

Northeastern United States 

1041 21

Northwestern United States 

1041 22
Box Folder

Costs, estimates 1952-1962 

1041 23

Marketing 

1041 24

Maturity and Storage problems 

1041 25

Planting charts, maps 

1041 26

Pruning methods 

1041 27

Michigan Blueberry Growers' Association. Annual report 1953 

1041 28

Cooperators. Correspondence 1960-1965 

1041 29

Propagation 1928-1962 

1041 30

New varieties 1939-1969 

1041 31

Blueberry Trials. Northern Michigan. Correspondence, Notes 

Box Folder

 1932-1939 

1041 32

 1940-1943 

1041 33

 1944-1948 

1041 34

Volumes in box 

Box Volume

Vol. 1 Peaches Removed to 1942 

1041 1

Vol. 2 Peaches Removed 1942-1954 

1041 2

Vol. 3 Peaches Removed 1955-1961 

1041 3

Vol. 4 Notes on Blueberry Selections #1 

1041 4

Vol. 5 Blueberry Selections #2 

1041 5

Vol. 6 Notes on Blueberry Selections #3 

1041 6

Vol. 7 Blueberry H Selections #4 

1041 7
Box Folder

Soil and Fertilizers. Correspondence, papers, clippings, reports 1936-1953 

1042 1

Soil and Fertilizers. Correspondence, papers, clippings, reports 1954-1960 

1042 2

Reports 1949, 1961 

1042 3

New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station. Annual Blueberry Open House 

Box Folder

 1938-1943 

1042 4

 1944-1949 

1042 5

 1950-1955 

1042 6

 1956-1959 

1042 7

 1960-1965 

1042 8

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(6) FRUIT RESEARCH: MISCELLANEOUS 

Box Folder

Cranberries 

1042 9

Pears. USDA Cooperators Agreement. Correspondence 1921-1962 

1042 10

Wild Raspberry Project. Correspondence 1964 

1042 11

Wild Raspberry Project. Correspondence 1965-1966 

1042 12

Volumes in box 

Box Volume

Vol. 8 Apples, Plums, Pears, and Quinces. #5. Removed. 

1042 8

Vol. 9 No. 1. Notes on Apples, Pears, Plums, Quinces, Raspberries, and Strawberries 

1042 9

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Slides 

Breakdown in Richhaven Peach Summer 1959 

Peaches. Sunhaven 1960 

Photographs 

Box
Collection Photographs

Blueberries 

Haven Peaches Historical Marker 

Miscellaneous 

Peaches 

Peaches. Cresthaven variety 

Peaches. Cresthaven variety 1963 

Peaches. Goldhaven variety 1963 

Peaches. Kalhaven variety 1936-1937 

Peaches. Kalhaven variety 1955 

Peaches. Richhaven variety (2 folders) 

Peaches. Richhaven variety 1959 

Peaches. Sunhaven variety 

Peaches. Sunhaven variety 1956 

Peaches. Sunhaven variety (2 folders) 1960 

People. Johnson, Roy