Kedzie Family Papers

Summary Information

Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections
Kedzie family, (A. S. Kedzie, 1814-1899)
Kedzie, A. S., (Adam Stewart), 1814-1899
Kedzie, D. H., (Donald Hixson)
Kedzie, R. C., (Robert Clark), 1823-1902
Kedzie, Robert Mark
Kedzie family papers
Date [inclusive]
1.5 Cubic feet

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: "Item title, Collection title, Collection Identifier, Michigan State University Archives & Historical Collections, East Lansing, Michigan."

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Biographical Note

Adam Stewart (A. S.) Kedzie was born August 23, 1814 in Stamford, New York, to William (1781-1828) and Margaret (1792-1874) Kedzie. He married Elizabeth Dewey in 1844, and Henrietta G. Hixson on November 15, 1855. He received degrees from Western Reserve College (1839) and Western Reserve Theological Seminary (1842). In addition to being a clergyman, A. S. Kedzie authored religious texts and family genealogies. With his son, Donald, he served as editor of the Grand Haven Herald. He fathered four children with Elizabeth (Mary Bel, James Dewey, Charles Stewart, and Anna Woodward), and four children with Henrietta (Donald Hixson, Mary Alice, Katherine Janet, and Robert Mark).

Donald Hixson Kedzie was born October 28, 1857 in Clinton, Michigan to A. S. and Henrietta Kedzie. Donald graduated from Michigan Agricultural College in 1876. He served as editor of the Grand Haven Herald and the  Lake Shore News.

Robert Mark Kedzie was born February 17, 1871 in Dexter, Michigan to A. S. and Henrietta Kedzie. He married Ester Hawley (1874-1957). He died in October 1941 in Los Angeles, California.

Robert Clark Kedzie was born to William and Margaret Kedzie on January 28, 1823, in Delhi, New York, and moved to Michigan in 1826 with his family. Graduating from Oberlin College in 1846, he was in charge of the Rochester Academy, Michigan, for the next two years. After the death of his first wife, Mary J. Knowlton, in 1848, he entered the University of Michigan Medical College, receiving his M.D. in 1851. Now married to Harriet Eliza Fairchild, he practiced medicine in Kalamazoo and Vermontville for eleven years. Following the outbreak of the Civil War, Kedzie, an abolitionist, joined the 12th Michigan Infantry as a surgeon. He was captured by the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862 and was released in poor health a few months later.

This illness led him to abandon his medical practice and to accept the position of Professor of Chemistry at Michigan Agricultural College in February 1863, where he taught until his death on November 7, 1902. During his forty years at M.A.C., Kedzie also served as a member of the Michigan House of Representatives (1867), as president of the Michigan Medical Society (1874), the Michigan State Board of Health (1877-1881), the American Public Health Association (1882), and the Society for the Promotion of Agricultural Science (1887-1889), and in other positions as well. In 1898, M.A.C. conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Science while the University of Michigan awarded him a Doctorate of Law in 1901.

Kedzie did much for Michigan through his study of medicine and chemistry. He assisted in securing the passage of an act which established a state food and dairy commission, and he was appointed its first state analyst. He secured the passage of a law providing for the inspection of commercial fertilizers. Upon discovering the hazards of arsenic-laced pigments used in wallpaper and other items, he fought to make such pigments illegal. Kedzie also ascertained that southern Michigan was well adapted for growing sugar beets and thus has been called "the father of the beet sugar industry in Michigan."

Kedzie's wife and two of his sons, William K. and Robert F., died before him. His third son, Frank S., survived him to eventually become president of M.A.C.

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Scope and Contents note

The Kedzie family papers consists of genealogies, correspondence, and books published by members of the family. Also included are photographs of Robert Mark Kedzie, Ester Hawley Kedzie, A. S. Kedzie, and unidentified men. Additionally, there are items relating to Michigan Agricultural College/Michigan State College (now Michigan State University), such as a 1907 Alumni luncheon program, a commencement program, and a brochure which seeks donations for various buildings titled "For the Veterans of World War II."

Also included in the collection are letters to and from Robert Clark Kedzie, dating from 1860 to 1898. Many of these letters date from his time serving as a surgeon in the Civil War.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Michigan State University Archives and Historical Collections December 2014

Conrad Hall
888 Wilson Road, Room 101
East Lansing , MI, 48824

Revision Description

  May 2018

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Legal Status

Copyright: Michigan State University. Property Rights: Michigan State University.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission to publish material from this collection must be obtained from University Archives & Historical Collections, Michigan State University.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

See also: Robert Clark Kedzie papers (UA 17.109), Frank Stewart Kedzie papers (UA 2.1.8), Faith Kedzie Dutton publication (c.00522).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Michigan Agricultural College.


  • Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
  • Family histories
  • Invitations
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Photographs
  • Programs (Publications)

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865

Personal Name(s)

  • Brown, Katherine S.
  • Cannon, Susan
  • Kedzie, Frank Stewart
  • Keenan, Cornelia
  • Webster, Carol


  • Genealogy
  • World War, 1939-1945

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

"The Book of Life in Memory of Robert Mark Kedzie" 1941 

1 1

Correspondence. A. S. Kedzie to D. H. Kedzie 1898 

1 1

Genealogy - Generations of Hawleys undated 

1 2

Genealogy - Kedzie Family 

1 3

Michigan Agricultural College Alumni Luncheon 15th Reunion and Semi-Centennial 1907 

1 4

M.A.C. Commencement program 1893 

1 4

Newspaper clippings undated 

1 5

Oscoda High School Commencement Invitation 1892 

1 1


Box Folder

A. S. Kedzie (?) undated 

1 7

MSC buildings and aerial photos undated  

1 6

Robert Mark Kedzie undated 

1 7

Robert Mark Kedzie and Ester Hawley Kedzie undated 

1 7

Sem Bot, University of Nebraska 1896 

1 6

Unidentified man undated 

1 7

Assorted portraits 1891, undated 

1 13

Louis C. Plant undated 

1 14

William Kedzie undated 

1 15

Robert Fairchild Kedzie undated 

1 16

Faculty Row houses undated 

1 17

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Box Folder

"Professor Kedzie and the Poisonous Wall Paper" by James Stokley (A Bicentennial Project, Sigma Xi, Michigan State University) April 1976 

1 8

Books and other Published Materials 

Box Folder

"A Century and a Year: Supplemental to the Kedzie Genealogy Published Fourteen Years Ago" 1896 

1 9

"For the Veterans of World War II at Michigan State College East Lansing" January 1946 

1 10

How to Reason Infallibly: a Practical and Exact System of Logical Reasoning by Means of the Reasoning Frame by Thomas D. Hawley 1900 

1 11

The Human Condition and Outlook by Rev. A. S. Kedzie (two copies) 1898 

1 12

Infallible Logic: a Visible and Automatic System of Reasoning by Thomas D. Hawley 1896 

2 1

Kedzies and their Relatives by A. S. and F. S. Kedzie (three copies) 1882 

2 2

Manual Containing the Rules of the Convention to Revise the Constitution of the State of Michigan 1850 

2 3

Solar Heat, Gravitation, and Sun Spots by J. H. Kedzie 1886 

2 4

"Souvenirs of my Deceased Father, William Kedzie" by Robert Clark Kedzie 1899 

1 9

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Box Folder


3 1


3 2

 January and February 1862 

3 3

 March 1862 

3 4

 April and May 1862 

3 5

 June and July 1862 

3 6

 August 1862 

3 7

 September through December 1862 

3 8


3 9

 January through May 1864 

3 10

 June through December 1864 

3 11


3 12


3 13

 January and February 1867 

3 14

 March through December 1867 

3 15


3 16


3 17


3 18

 1871 to 1872 

3 19


3 20


3 21


3 22


3 23


3 24


3 25


3 26


3 27


3 28

 1884 to 1885 

3 29


3 30

 1898 to 1899 

3 31


3 32


3 33


3 34

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